Group-Generated Midterm Review Guide
Based on the 29 October Review Session and on notes by Chris Walker
Teaching Assistants: Christopher Walker and Patrick Mooney
1 hour, 3 sections on the test:
- IDs (pick 7 of 9, 10% each); Title, Author, Date, significance (70% of midterm grade)
- short essay (20% of midterm grade)
- definitions (example: "Abbey Riots") (10% of midterm grade)
- Weight of history
- Celtic mythology
- Irish nationalism and its construction; Irish identity
- Gender identity
- Irish masculinity
- Mothers; their presence and absence
- Love and passion
- Class; class discrimination; gaps and conflict between classes
- Ireland: the land of emigrants
- (What is different between "E" and "I" here?)
- Ireland as idyllic natural space/land and countryside and national identity (
land in Ireland
- Problem of Gaelic language
- Douglas Hyde, The Love Songs of Connacht
- Synge-song: Gaelic haunts English
- Bonus question: what is the critical theory Professor Duffy referenced when speaking about this? Answer: Harold Bloom's Anxiety of Influence
- Ideologies of the Irish people:
Spalpín Fánach; Playboy of the Western World
- Connection of nationalism and the rural
- Irish stereotypes
- Religion; blasphemy and irreverence; the Catholic/Protestant cultural divide
- Repeated poetic forms:
History (brief outline of points discussed in lecture)
- Ireland's geography and literature is marked by past; Prehistoric peoples: Newgrange ring fort; Celts (story cycles)
- St. Patrick lights Easter fire (433 CE);
- Ireland refered to how in dark ages?
Island of Saints and Scholars.
- Dermot MacMurrough invites Henry II of England to help him recover kingdom after Dermot stole the wife of the King of Breifne, Tiernan O'Rourke.
- Sir Phillip Sidney given land by Queen Elizabeth on a plantation—just one example of appropriation of land by English.
- Decrease of Irish population: 1830-40, 8 million
- 1798: first rebellion (inspired by French/US revolutions): Seamus Heaney's
Requiem for the Croppies. Who led the Croppies? Father Murphy.
- 1845 potato blight:
Great Hunger — 1 million died
- 1867 rebellion (the
Fenian Rising): beginning of Irish Republication Brotherhood (the forerunner of the IRA)
- Charles Stewart Parnell: rallied for Home Rule, but abandoned by Catholic church because of affair with a married woman, Katherine "Kitty" O'Shea.
- ca. 1890: peasants refuse to pay rents in strikes: "Captain Boycott." (You can read more in Wikipedia's article on the Land War.)
- IRA organized, descended from Irish Volunteers, which where established in 1913 and staged the Easter Rising during East week, April 1916; 1919: Irish Republic established and lead to Irish war of independence lasting until 6 December 1921; then ratification of the Anglo-Irish Treaty in 1922. This split Ireland and the IRA, and resulted in civil war in 1922-23
- Patrick Pearse reads the Proclamation of the Irish Republic (Where does he show up in course texts?)
- Celtic revival before independence—creating the idea of Ireland
- The Troubles:
- In 1960s agitation for civil rights: Catholic/Protestant split
- Bloody Sunday (British killed 14 unarmed civil rights protesters).
- Celtic Tiger: in long view, began 1980s, crashed in 2008
William Butler Yeats: 3 phases:
- Young, romantic, idealistic; influenced greatly by Celtic mythology and Maud Gonne
What poem imitates the form of