Wednesday 6 November 2013, 6 p.m. section
—After all, I should think you are able to free yourself. You are your own
master, it seems to me.
—I am a servant of two masters, Stephen said, an English and an Italian.
—Italian? Haines said.
A crazy queen, old and jealous. Kneel down before me.
—And a third, Stephen said, there is who wants me for odd jobs. [Ireland's reliance on youth; Irishness; political & cultural connotations]
—Italian? Haines said again. What do you mean?
—The imperial British state, Stephen answered, his colour rising, and the
holy Roman catholic and apostolic church. [Religious allusion used to show criticism toward British & Irish patriots]
Haines detached from his underlip some fibres of tobacco before he
—I can quite understand that, he said calmly. An Irishman must think like
that, I daresay. We feel in England that we have treated you rather unfairly.
It seems history is to blame. [Ireland is how it is not because of British treatment, but "history"]
The proud potent titles clanged over Stephen's memory the triumph
of their brazen bells: et unam sanctam catholicam et apostolicam ecclesiam: [song:And [I believe in] one holy, catholic and apostolic Church.Roman Catholicism as integrative]
(Ulysses I.636-651, p. 17)